Spices: Cayenne Pepper, 1836

Dave DeWitt Chile History Leave a Comment

Besides the Piper nigrum there are many varieties of pepper in use among the natives of the countries where they grow; of these, that best known to us is called Cayenne pepper. The plant Capsicum, from which this spice is procured, is a native of both the East and West Indies, but the variety named Capsicum baccatum, or bird pepper, …

Capsicums in America, 1865

Capsicums in America, 1865

Dave DeWitt Chile History Leave a Comment

Editor’s Note. This is a listing and description of the peppers of the Capsicum genus commonly grown in the United States in 1865. It is from the book The Field and Garden Vegetables of America, by Fearing Burr. Boston: J. E. Tilton & Co., 1865. Please remember that we have learned a lot about chile peppers since this was written, …

Buffalo Chili Con Carne, 1883

Dave DeWitt U.S.A. Leave a Comment

The only extensive use I have ever seen made of the [buffalo] meat was by the Mexicans, who used to come across the “Llano Estacado,” or “Staked Plains,” in large parties every Winter, for the purpose of hunting. Their method of preserving the meat is to cut it into long strings, or immense flakes, and after carefully removing every particle of …

Pepper-Pot for Breakfast in Maroon Country, 1862

Dave DeWitt Caribbean Leave a Comment

By Captain Mayne Reid Editor’s Note: The Maroons were escaped slaves in Jamaica who hid in the infamous cockpit country of jungles and sinkholes. The Maroons were famously known for inventing jerk pork, but they also liked their spicy pepper-pot soup.   “This white gentleman has not eaten breakfast,” said Cubina, as they came up. “Well, Quaco! What have the …

The “True Chili Capsicum”

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By Joseph Paxton Editor’s Note: Sir Joseph Paxton (1803–1865) was an English gardener, architect, and Member of Parliament, best known for designing The Crystal Palace. Paxton began publishing a monthly magazine, Magazine of Botany in 1834. In 1838, when Capsicum nomenclature was still in its infancy, Paxton wrote about a new chile pepper species that was called Capsicum ustulatum. “Ustulatum” …